Motor Structure And Working Principle Of Electric Vehicles

Electrical car

Did you meet the new generation of vehicles that the modern world has to offer us? The electric car, which we started to see on the roads, takes its power from the rechargeable batteries mounted inside the vehicle. These batteries are used not only for powering the vehicles, but also for the operation of wipers and lights. These vehicles are similar to other normal vehicles, but because they do not use fuel, there are no exhaust systems and fuel tanks. Instead of replacing these elements, the rechargeable batteries are positioned under the vehicle or sometimes in the boot.

These batteries are the same type of batteries that are commonly used to get the first energy of a petrol engine. The only difference is that they have more in electric vehicles and they also store the energy used to power the vehicle. You will also find a regulator on the batteries that controls the amount of energy produced and tries to keep the consumption constant by the vehicle. The main task of the regulator is to prevent the battery from overcurrent.

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Differences from Liquid Fueled Vehicles

This is a part of the engine in cars and almost everything is the same as in other vehicles. For example, climate control system, brakes and transmission systems and airbags. One of the most important real differences you will find is the electric motor.

3 Main Components include:

Electric motor, Control and Battery.

How it Works with Rechargeable Batteries

When you switch on the car, the current is switched on. The controller receives power from the battery and transfers it to the electric motor. It passes the current to the motor and converts it from 240 volt AC, 2 phase to 300 volt DC, which is suitable for control motor. The electric motor then converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The mechanical energy tool moves forward. The regulator takes power from the battery, controls it and powers the motor accordingly. Variable potentiometers are connected between the accelerator and the controller. These potentiometers tell the controller how much power it should transmit. When the accelerator pedal is released, it transmits 0 V and, when fully depressed, gives maximum output.

What is Regenerative Energy? What are the Effects on Batteries?

As the vehicle moves, the forward momentum generated by the electric motor is used to charge the batteries when they press the brakes. This is generally referred to as regenerative braking and can be recovered up to about 15% of the energy used for acceleration. This is done by applying the momentum generated in the braking process to the car batteries. This is not enough for the battery to be fully charged. Although the batteries are being charged by regenerative braking, the batteries need to be charged.

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